Nonsuicidal self-injury disorder, better known as self-harm, is characterized by the purposeful actions of causing physical harm to oneself without the intention of committing suicide. This behavior is more common in teenagers and adolescents and occurs due to severe underlying emotional pain and a lack of healthy coping skills. Self-harm behaviors are coping ways to release emotions related to anger, sadness, neglect, pain and frustration; after the harmful act is completed, the individual experiences shame or guilt resulting in more negative emotions. Individuals who practice it usually have a history of emotional, sexual or physical abuse, neglect, or trauma resulting in feelings of insecurity, excessive worry and extreme anger. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia nervosa are strongly associated with it and individuals in the Chicago, IL with these characteristics should be screened for it and vice versa. It can result in co-occurring disorders such as substance abuse, depression and suicide.
Signs and symptoms of self-harm include severe scars, wounds and physical injuries; however many individuals will try to conceal these physical signs and therefore this disorder may often go undiagnosed. It is important to recognize and be aware of the emotional and behavioral symptoms associated with this condition and the associated warning signs. The following are signs, symptoms and warning signs of it:
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If any of the above signs and symptoms occur, it is important to seek help from a therapist trained diagnosis and treating self-harm behavior. In order for an individual to meet our Chicago, IL Recovery Treatment diagnostic criteria, they must have intentions of harming themselves resulting in physical pain to the body without the intent to commit suicide. The individual must be significantly distressed by their feelings and actions and their specific behavior is not accepting by society. These actions must occur for five days out of the year and the individual must induce it for one of the following reasons:
Additionally, the individual must experience one of the following before the self-injury act occurs: